Bible Overview

This session was taught at the Christ Church Manchester School of Theology on Saturday 16th May 2020. The CCM School of Theology was set up to serve local churches in Manchester and beyond.

Topic: Joshua, Judges and Ruth

In this session, we look at the books of Joshua, Judges and Ruth.

Speaker: Tom O’Toole

Tom is part of the team at Christ Church Manchester and leads the CCM City Centre site. He also manages the Broadcast Network, training church planters. In this session he looks at The book of Joshua.





Introducing Joshua

Entering the Land

• Joshua commissioned to lead
• Joshua mobilises the people
• The spies & Rahab
• Crossing the Jordan
• Remembering
• The Commander of the Lord’s Army


Jericho (chapter 6)

Ai (chapters 7-8)

Gibeah (chapter 9)

Further Conquests (chapters 10-12)

What’s With All the Violence?
• Judgement on the Canaanites
• Hyperbolic language?
• Unique moment in history

In the Land

• Inheritance East of the Jordan
• Inheritance West of the Jordan
• Cities of Refuge
• Inheritance for the Levites
• Eastern Tribes Return Home
• Joshua Passes the Baton
• The Death of Joshua

Further Resources on Joshua

• Joshua – No Falling Words (by Dale Ralph Davis) – Accessible
• Joshua – An Introduction and Survey (by Pekka M A Pitkanen) – Technical



Who Are the Judges?

• Un-elected, not hereditary leaders
• Recognised by the people, anointed by God
• As well as the judges in this book, also Moses, Joshua, Eli & Samuel
• 12 judges mentioned – 6 major and 6 minor (Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon & Abdon – Judges 3:31, 10:1-5 & 12:8-15)

The Cycle of Sin and Deliverance

  • There is peace for a generation
  • Israel does evil in God’s sight and turns to idols
  • God’s anger is kindled. Their enemies defeat and enslave them
  • The people cry out to God
  • God raises up a deliverer/judge
  • Israel is delivered
  • There is peace for a generation …………

The Judges

Othniel (chapter 3:7-11)

Joshua, Judges & Ruth

Ehud (chapter 3:12-30)

Deborah (chapters 4-5)

Gideon (chapters 6-8)

[Abimelech] (chapter 9)

Jephthah (chapters 11-12)

Samson (chapters 13-16)

Two Final Stories

• The carved Images (chapters 17-18)
• The sin of the Benjaminites (chapters 19-21)

What the Heck Is Going On?

• Key verse – “In those days, there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.” (21:25)
• Spiralling out of control.
• Geographic progression

Further Resources on Judges

• Judges – Such a Great Salvation (by Dale Ralph Davis) – Accessible
• Judges, Ruth – New American Commentary (by Daniel Block) – Technical


• Bridge story from Judges to David

The Story of Ruth

The Link to David

Further Resources on Ruth

• Ruth: A Tale of Romance & Redemption – Sermon Series –
• The Message of Ruth: Wings of Refuge (by David Atkinson) – Accessible
• Judges, Ruth – New American Commentary (by Daniel Block) – Technical




To see more theology training from Christ Church Manchester, you can visit our School of Theology, or why not consider subscribing to our theology podcast on iTunes.