The Doctrine of Sanctification

This session was taught at the Christ Church Manchester School of Theology on Saturday 15th June 2019. The CCM School of Theology was set up to serve local churches in Manchester and beyond.

Topic: Sanctification

In this session, we look at the Doctrine of sanctification.

Speaker: Tom O’Toole

Tom is part of the team at Christ Church Manchester and leads the CCM City Centre site. He also manages the Broadcast Network, training church planters. In this session he looks at the Doctrine of Sanctification.




 The Doctrine of Sanctification

What Is Sanctification?

“Sanctification is a progressive work of God and man that makes us more and more free from sin and like Christ in our actual lives.”
(Wayne Grudem)

“The concept is not of sin being totally eradicated (that is to claim too much) or merely counteracted (that is to say too little), but of a divinely wrought character change freeing us from sinful habits and forming in us Christlike affections, dispositions and virtues.”
(J.I. Packer)

Sanctification Is Distinct From Justification

Justification                                Sanctification
Legal standing                            Internal condition
Once for all time                         Continuous throughout life
Entirely God’s work                    We cooperate
Perfect in this life                        Not perfect in this life
The same in all Christians           Greater in some than others

Change Is Necessary

• Where we have come from: sin
• Where we are going to: new creation glory
• How we are created: image of God

Change Is Possible

“Change is possible! You can stand amid the harshest realities of sin and have hope that will never disappoint you. That marriage can change. That teenager can change. That church can change. That friendship can change. That bitterness can be put to death. That compulsion can be broken. That fear can be defeated. That stony heart can be made soft, and sweet words can come from a once acid tongue. Loving service can come from a person who once was totally self absorbed. People can have power without being corrupt. Homes can be places of safety, love and healing. Change is possible because the King has come!”                  (Paul Tripp)

Romans 6

• We are no longer slaves to sin (6:6)
• We are dead to sin and alive to Christ (6:7-8)
• We must consider ourselves this way (6:9-11)
• We have a part to play: Let not sin reign (6:12-13)

Romans 6:14 – “For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.”

Three ways to live:

• By the flesh
• By the law
• By the Spirit

Romans 7:7-24

7What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.” 8But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead. 9I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died. 10The very commandment that promised life proved to be death to me. 11For sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through it killed me. 12So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good. 13Did that which is good, then, bring death to me? By no means! It was sin, producing death in me through what is good, in order that sin might be shown to be sin, and through the commandment might become sinful beyond measure. 14For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold under sin. 15For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate. 16Now if I do what I do not want, I agree with the law, that it is good. 17So now it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me. 18For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out. 19For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. 20Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me. 21So I find it to be a law that when I want to do right, evil lies close at hand. 22For I delight in the law of God, in my inner being, 23but I see in my members another law waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that dwells in my members. 24Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?

How Change Happens

Three Types of Sanctification

• Positional sanctification
• Progressive sanctification
• Perfect sanctification

Key Battlegrounds

• Actions
• Words
• Thoughts
• Internal narrative
• Feelings
• Desires
• Identity

How Did Jesus Help His Disciples Grow?

• Proximity
• Learning
• Opportunity

What Strengthens Our Spirit-Inspired Desires? – Means of Grace

• Bible
• Prayer
• Community
• Worship (including communion)
• Service
• Suffering
• Hope

Further Resources

• Sermon by Tom O’Toole –
• ‘You Can Change by Tim Chester
• ‘Systematic Theology’ (Chapter 38) by Wayne Grudem



To see more theology training from Christ Church Manchester, you can visit our School of Theology, or why not consider subscribing to our theology podcast on iTunes.