Systematic Theology

This session was taught at the Christ Church Manchester School of Theology on Saturday 25th April 2020. The CCM School of Theology was set up to serve local churches in Manchester and beyond.

Topic: The Doctrine of Sin

In this session, we look at the Doctrine of Sin.

Speaker: Matt Fell

Matt is the director of Relational Mission’s year team programme and is currently writing a PhD in Theology. 




The Doctrine of Sin


Aim: To help us understand what the Bible teaches about this word ‘sin’, how the biblical teaching makes sense of our human experiences, and how understanding these things leads to joy in the good news of Jesus Christ and deeper experiences of the freedom that he brings.

Q. What is your understanding of the word sin?

Q. How does our culture understand sin?

Q. Do you think it is healthy thing for Christians to talk about sin?

Q. What questions do you have about sin?

Understanding sin in light of the biblical understanding of the goodness of creation and the presence of evil

“You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honour and power, for you created all things, and by your will they were created and have their being.” – Revelation 4:11

“And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good.” – Genesis 1:31

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. – John 1:1-5

“…God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one… [in Him] there is no variation or shadow due to change.” – James 1.13 and 17

What is sin?

Etymology of the word sin:
❖ Hebrew: ‘khata’ ( אָ טָח) (See Judges 20:16 and Proverbs 19:2)
❖ Greek: ‘hamartia’ (ἁμαρτία)
➢ Both words literally mean to ‘miss the mark’

“Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin” – Romans 14:23

“Sin is lawlessness” – 1 John 3:4

Words used in association:

➢ Iniquity:

➢ Transgression:

➢ Lawlessness:

These additional words all express the outworking of ‘missing the mark’

Understanding how sin affects us:

What Happens to Us How it Makes us Feel
The Penalty
of Sin
Gen. 2:17;
Jer. 2:12-13;
Rom. 1:18-32
The Power
of Sin
Gen 4.7
John 8:34
Rom. 6:16,
2 Pet. 2:19
The Presence
of Sin
Isa. 6: 5;
Luke 5: 8;
Ps. 51:7-12

Thinking beyond ourselves:

For scripture, sin is not simply a problem for individuals who need to get right with God. Sin is a poison that corrupts and destroys God’s good creation. The poison of Sin effects:

What might salvation look like if it is to fix these problems?

If the great problem is sin, what needs to be done to save us?

➢ Saved from the penalty of sin?

➢ Saved from the power of sin?

➢ Saved from the presence of sin?

➢ Saved from the poison of sin?



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