This session was taught at the Christ Church Manchester School of Theology on Saturday 15th September 2018. The CCM School of Theology was set up to serve local churches in Manchester and beyond.

Topic: Worship

In this session, we look at the the topic of Worship.

Speaker: Ralph Cunnington

Ralph is the Senior Pastor of City Church Manchester. He is also on the Steering Group of City to City UK and is on the Board of UCCF.




1. Why do we worship?

Discuss: “I can’t see the point of worship. I mean, what sort of God would create a people simply for them to worship Him? Isn’t that horribly self-absorbed and insecure to want people to sing his praises for eternity?”

Q. 1 What is the chief end of man?
A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God and enjoy him for ever. Westminster Shorter Catechism (1648)

‘Worship is the proper response to God’.

Romans 11:36

Isaiah 48:9-11

Psalm 63:1-5

“But the most obvious fact about praise — whether of God or anything — strangely escaped me. I thought of it in terms of compliment, approval, or the giving of honour. I had never noticed that all enjoyment spontaneously overflows into praise … The world rings with praise … I think we delight to praise what we enjoy because the praise not merely expresses but completes the enjoyment; it is its appointed consummation.” CS Lewis

Psalm 95:6-7

2. What do we worship?

‘All true worship is God-centred because he is worthy, delightfully so.’

Psalm 66

3. How do we worship?

‘This side of the Fall, human worship of God properly responds to the redemptive provisions that God has graciously made’.

Changing Patterns
Sacrifice: Type: Lev 17:11 Antitype: Rom 3:25; Heb 10:11-14
Priests: Type: Ex 29:29-30 Antitype: 1 Peter 2:5; Heb 4:14-5:10
Temple: Ex 25:8-9; 1 Kings 8:10-11 Antitype: 1 Cor 3:16-17; 1 Cor 6:19

Following Christ’s death and resurrection how should we worship God?

John 4:19-26

4. What is the purpose of Christian meetings?
Christians Meetings

Word: Col 3:16 1 Pet 2:2 – Purpose & In our Church
Spiritual Gifts: Eph 4:11-13 1 Cor 12:4-7 – Purpose & in our Church
Singing: Eph 5:18-20 Col 3:16-17 – Purpose & in our Church
Community: 1 Pet 4:8-10 1 Thess 5:11 –  Purpose & in our Church

Questions for Discussion

1. Is the worship part of the service the time that we sing?
2. Should we describe band leaders as worship leaders?
3. Does sung worship lead us into the presence of God?
4. What should be our priorities in choosing band members?
5. What should be our priorities in choosing songs?

1. Is it true?
2. Is it God-focussed?
3. Is it true?
4. Is it encouraging to one another?
5. Is there a correspondence between the music and the words?

Crown Him With Many Crowns
Crown him with many crowns, the Lamb upon his throne, While heaven’s eternal anthem drowns all music but its own! Awake my soul and sing of him who died to be
Your Saviour and your matchless king through all eternity.

Crown him the Lord of life triumphant from the grave,
Who rose victorious from the strife of those he came to save: His glories now we sing who died and reigns on high;
Who died eternal life to bring and lives that death may die.

Crown him the Lord of love, who shows his hands and side Those wounds yet visible above in beauty glorified.
No angel in the sky can fully bear the sight,
But downwards bends his burning eye at mysteries so bright.

Crown him the Lord of peace his kingdom is at hand;
From pole to pole let warfare cease and Christ rule every land! A city stands on high, his glory it displays,
And there the nations Holy cry in joyful hymns of praise.

Crown him the Lord of years, the potentate of time, Creator of the rolling spheres in majesty sublime;
All hail Redeemer hail, for you have died for me;
Your praise shall never, never fail through all eternity!

Man of Sorrows
Man of sorrows Lamb of God
By His own betrayed
The sin of man and wrath of God Has been on Jesus laid

Silent as He stood accused Beaten mocked and scorned Bowing to the Father’s will He took a crown of thornsO that rugged cross
My salvation
Where your love poured out over me Now my soul cries out
Praise and honour unto Thee
Sent of heaven God’s own Son To purchase and redeem
And reconcile the very ones Who nailed Him to that tree
O that rugged cross
My salvation
Where your love poured out over me Now my soul cries out
Praise and honour unto Thee
Now my debt is paid It is paid in full
By the preciopus blood That my Jesus spilled
Now the curse of sin Has no hold on me Whom the Son sets free Oh is free indeed

O that rugged cross
My salvation
Where your love poured out over me Now my soul cries out
Praise and honour unto Thee
See the stone is rolled away Behold the empty tomb Hallelujah God be praised He’s risen from the grave

Brooke Ligertwood and Matt Crocker
© Hillsong

Great is the Darkness

Great is the darkness that covers the earth,
Oppression, injustice and pain;
Though many have come in Your name
Watching while sanity dies,
touched by the madness and lies.

Come, Lord Jesus, come, Lord Jesus,
pour out Your Spirit we pray; Come, Lord Jesus, come, Lord Jesus,
pour out Your Spirit on us today.

May now Your church rise with power and love,
This glorious gospel proclaim;
In every nation salvation will come
To those who believe in Your name.
Help us bring light to this world,
That we might speed Your return.

Great celebrations on that final day,
When out of the heavens You come;
Darkness will vanish, all sorrow will end
And rulers will bow at Your throne;
Our great commission complete,
Nations are slipping in hopeless despair,
Then face to face we shall meet.

Further Reading:
B Kauflin, Worship Matters (2008, Crossway)
J Risbridger, The Message of Worship (2015, IVP)
V. Roberts, True Worship (2002, Paternoster)
D.A. Carson (ed.), Worship by the Book (2002, Zondervan) D. Peterson, Engaging with God (1992, IVP)


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